Liposuction (also known as liposculpture) is the most requested cosmetic procedure in Australia. Liposuction is a surgical technique in which the removal of fat deposits reshapes a specific part of the body. Liposuction is also used to assist in numerous cosmetic surgery procedures.
Liposuction is not an effective way to lose weight. It is intended to treat stubborn isolated collections of body fat that cannot be treated or moved by diet or exercise. Liposuction is a technique of body contouring to reduce centimetres, not kilograms.
Liposuction corrects fat cells deep below the surface of the skin. Liposuction is not suitable for people who are looking for a quick fix to weight loss. It is also relevant to note liposuction is targeted beneath the skin and therefore does not address sagging or excess skin associated with weight loss.
The liposuction procedure depends on the area to be treated and the amount of fat to be removed. The procedure is performed under anaesthetic. The fat compartments of the treatment area are injected with liquid to expand, making the fat easier to remove. Small incisions are made across the treatment area, the surgeon will strategically make the incisions in places whereby any scarring will be as inconspicuous as possible. A cannula (small, thin tube) is inserted through the incision area to loosen the fat, which is then suctioned out using a surgical vacuum. The procedure time is dependent on the treatment area and depth of the treatment. The procedure is conducted as day surgery, generally patients are able to return home the same day as the procedure.
Following the procedure, the patient will experience discomfort, swelling and bruising. Pain medication can be taken to assist with pain management, a cold compress will also assist with discomfort and minimising swelling and bruising. The bruising will gradually fade throughout the weeks following the procedure. The patient will be able to return to daily activities two weeks following the procedure, however strenuous activities such as vigorous exercise will require at least a month of recovery time.
The results will not be entirely evident until six months following the procedure. It is also notable that if the patient happens to gain weight in the long term following the procedure the new fat will be distributed in an even manner.